Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. Slovakia’s territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5 million and comprises mostly ethnic Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava. The Slavs arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries.
Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia, and with a population of about 450,000, it is one of the smaller capitals of Europe but still the country’s largest city. The greater metropolitan area is home to more than 650,000 people. Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.
The current population of Slovakia is 5,448,341.
Most Slovaks today live within the borders of the independent Slovakia, c. 4.4 million ethnic Slovaks of 5.4 million total population.
There are Slovak minorities in Czech Republic, Croatia, Poland, Hungary, Serbia and sizeable populations of immigrants and their descendants in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, collectively referred to as the Slovak diaspora.
The official language is Slovak. However, English is widely understood.
Slovak flag consists of white upper strip, the middle is blue and bottom red. These colors are conventional Slavonic shades. They symbolize Slavonic harmony and independence.
Christianity is the predominant religion in Slovakia. The majority (62%) of Slovaks belong to the Latin Church of the Catholic Church; with the addition of a further 4% of Greek (Byzantine) Catholics, all Catholics account for 66%. Members of a Protestant denomination, mainly Lutheran or Reformed, account for 9%. Members of other churches, including those non-registered, account for 1.1% of the population.
The climate of the Slovakia can be described as typical European continental influenced climate with warm, dry summers and fairly cold winters. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around zero, but in some cases winter months can be very cold with temperatures far below zero and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora, especially in the mountainous regions.
Slovakia is in the Central European Time Zone. Central European Standard Time (CET) is 1 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+1).
Since 1st of January 2009, the official currency in Slovakia is Euro (currency code EUR).
In Slovakia the power sockets are of type E. The standard voltage is 230 V and the standard frequency is 50 Hz.
When calling to Slovakia, use international prefix (+421 or 00421) + area code (Bratislava area cod eis 2) + local number.
Tap water is good and perfectly safe across the country, although in some small towns, the chlorine can be quite strong.
General Visa Information
Generally not needed for stays of up to 90 days.
- Citizens of EU countries can freely enter Slovakia and are entitled to apply for visas to stay indefinitely.
- Citizens of the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan and many other countries can stay in Slovakia for up to 90 days without a visa. Other nationalities should check current visa requirements with the Slovak embassy in their home country. There’s more information on the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic (www.mzv.sk) website.
- Slovakia is a member of the EU’s common border and customs area, the Schengen Zone, which imposes its own 90-day visa-free travel limit on visitors from outside the EU. In practice, this means your time in Slovakai counts against your stay within the entire Schengen Zone – plan your travel accordingly.